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Unread 08-18-2010, 11:15 AM
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Default Solid-State NMR Spectroscopy of Membrane-Associated Myelin Basic Protein-Conformation

Solid-State NMR Spectroscopy of Membrane-Associated Myelin Basic Protein-Conformation and Dynamics of an Immunodominant Epitope.

Related Articles Solid-State NMR Spectroscopy of Membrane-Associated Myelin Basic Protein-Conformation and Dynamics of an Immunodominant Epitope.

Biophys J. 2010 Aug 9;99(4):1247-1255

Authors: Ahmed MA, Bamm VV, Harauz G, Ladizhansky V

Myelin basic protein (MBP) maintains the tight multilamellar compaction of the myelin sheath in the central nervous system through peripheral binding of adjacent lipid bilayers of oligodendrocytes. Myelin instability in multiple sclerosis (MS) is associated with the loss of positive charge in MBP as a result of posttranslational enzymatic deimination. A highly-conserved central membrane-binding fragment (murine N81-PVVHFFKNIVTPRTPPP-S99, identical to human N83-S101) represents a primary immunodominant epitope in MS. Previous low-resolution electron paramagnetic resonance measurements on the V83-T92 fragment, with Cys-mutations and spin-labeling that scanned the epitope, were consistent with it being a membrane-associated amphipathic alpha-helix. Pseudodeimination at several sites throughout the protein, all distal to the central segment, disrupted the alpha-helix at its amino-terminus and exposed it to proteases, representing a potential mechanism in the autoimmune pathogenesis of MS. Here, we have used magic-angle spinning solid-state NMR spectroscopy to characterize more precisely the molecular conformation and dynamics of this central immunodominant epitope of MBP in a lipid milieu, without Cys-substitution. Our solid-state NMR measurements have revealed that the alpha-helix present within the immunodominant epitope is shorter than originally modeled, and is independent of the pseudodeimination, highlighting the importance of the local hydrophobic effects in helix formation and stability. The main effect of pseudodeimination is to cause the cytoplasmic exposure of the fragment, potentially making it more accessible to proteolysis. These results are the first, to our knowledge, to provide atomic-level detail of a membrane-anchoring segment of MBP, and direct evidence of decreased MBP-membrane interaction after posttranslational modification.

PMID: 20713009 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]



Source: PubMed
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