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Default Proton NMR study of peptides from myelin basic protein: evidence for Lys74-His77 inte

Proton NMR study of peptides from myelin basic protein: evidence for Lys74-His77 interaction revealed from histidine line broadening.

Related Articles Proton NMR study of peptides from myelin basic protein: evidence for Lys74-His77 interaction revealed from histidine line broadening.

Biochim Biophys Acta. 1996 Mar 7;1293(1):23-30

Authors: Koshy KM, Hashim GA, Boggs JM

Residues 69-84 of guinea pig myelin basic protein contain the encephalitogenic determinant for the Lewis rat. Insertion of histidine and glycine at positions 77 and 78 in bovine MBP greatly reduces the encephalitogenicity of the protein. Synthetic peptides analogous to this region of MBP containing glycine and histidine are encephalitogenic if they lack the N-terminal half, residues 69-74. However, if they contain both histidine plus the N-terminal half, encephalitogenicity is abolished, suggesting that an interaction of histidine with an amino acid in the N-terminal half changes the conformation or the properties of the peptide. This was investigated by measuring the 1H-NMR spectra of synthetic peptides analogous to this region of MBP, both containing histidine but with and without the N-terminal half. The major difference in the spectra of the two peptides was the pH dependence of line broadening of the histidine resonances. The histidine C2H and C4H resonances were broadened at intermediate pH values in both peptides. However, sharpening of the lines at high pH showed a different pH dependence in the two peptides. For the longer peptide containing the N-terminal half, the lines did not sharpen until the pH was increased above 10.2, coinciding with the pKa of Lys-74. Acetylation of this peptide caused the pH at which the lines began to sharpen to drop to 8.8. In the shorter peptide, lacking the N-terminal half and Lys-74, the lines also sharpened at pH 8.8. The greater broadening which persisted up above pH 10 for the longer peptide suggests slow exchange between two different conformations or environments of the histidine. One of these could be a conformation in which the deprotonated histidine hydrogen bonds with Lys-74. The Lys side-chain resonances indicated a decrease in rotational freedom above the pKa of histidine, consistent with this conclusion. Although this putative interaction between His and Lys-74 did not appear to have a significant effect on the overall conformation of the peptide, it could result in a reduction in encephalitogenicity by altering the properties of the peptide. This could affect processing and presentation of this determinant by antigen presenting cells.

PMID: 8652624 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]



Source: PubMed
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