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Default 1H NMR investigation of the electronic and molecular structure of the four-iron clust

1H NMR investigation of the electronic and molecular structure of the four-iron cluster ferredoxin from the hyperthermophile Pyrococcus furiosus. Identification of Asp 14 as a cluster ligand in each of the four redox states.

Related Articles 1H NMR investigation of the electronic and molecular structure of the four-iron cluster ferredoxin from the hyperthermophile Pyrococcus furiosus. Identification of Asp 14 as a cluster ligand in each of the four redox states.

Biochemistry. 1995 Sep 12;34(36):11373-84

Authors: Calzolai L, Gorst CM, Zhao ZH, Teng Q, Adams MW, La Mar GN

The molecular and electronic structure of the four-iron cluster of the ferredoxin (Fd) from the hyperthermophilic archaeon, Pyrococcus furiosus, Pf (which has only three Cys in the cluster binding consensus sequence), has been investigated by 1H NMR in order to determine the identity of the noncysteinyl cluster ligand in each of the four redox states [Gorst, C. M., Zhou, Z. H., Ma, K., Teng, Q., Howard, J. B., Adams, M. W., & La Mar, G. N. (1995) Biochemistry 34, 8788-8795], and to characterize the electron spin ground state for the reduced cluster which at 10 K exhibits an unusual predominant S = 3/2 ground state [Conover, R. C., Kowal, A. T., Fu, W., Park, J. -B., Aono, S., Adams, M. W. W., & Johnson, M. K. (1990) J. Biol. Chem. 265, 8533-8541]. It is demonstrated that a combination of 1D and 2D NMR tailored to relaxed resonances allows the location of four hyperfine shifted and paramagnetically relaxed spin systems which dictates that all four cluster ligands are amino acid side chains, rather than a solvent water/hydroxide at the unique non-Cys ligation site. Three of the ligands could be sequence-specifically assigned to the three Cys residues (positions 11, 17, and 56) in the consensus sequence for cluster binding, hence identifying the fourth ligand as Asp 14. It is concluded that the identification of Asp ligation to a 4Fe cluster is readily achieved in the reduced, but not in the oxidized cluster of Fd. Analysis of the relaxation properties and pattern of the hyperfine shifts in Pf Fd reveals very strong similarities to other Fds with S = 1/2 ground states, leading to the conclusion that the S = 3/2 ground state is not detected in solution at ambient temperatures, and this in independent of the redox state of the two remaining Cys residues in the protein (positions 21 and 48). However, the electron self-exchange rate for 4Fe Pf Fd is significantly slower than for other 4Fe Fd with complete Cys ligation. Changes in the pattern of hyperfine shifts between oxidized and reduced clusters for the four ligands in Pf Fd reveal that the most significant variation occurs for the Asp 14 orientation, suggesting that the altered Asp orientation may "gate" the electron transfer.

PMID: 7547865 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]



Source: PubMed
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