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NMR processing:
MDD
NMR assignment:
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MARS
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PINE
Side-chains:
UNIO ATNOS-Ascan
NOEs:
UNIO ATNOS-Candid
UNIO Candid
ASDP
Structure from NMR restraints:
Ab initio:
GeNMR
Cyana
XPLOR-NIH
ASDP
UNIO ATNOS-Candid
UNIO Candid
Fragment-based:
BMRB CS-Rosetta
Rosetta-NMR (Robetta)
Template-based:
GeNMR
I-TASSER
Refinement:
Amber
Structure from chemical shifts:
Fragment-based:
WeNMR CS-Rosetta
BMRB CS-Rosetta
Homology-based:
CS23D
Simshift
Torsion angles from chemical shifts:
Preditor
TALOS
Promega- Proline
Secondary structure from chemical shifts:
CSI (via RCI server)
TALOS
MICS caps, β-turns
d2D
PECAN
Flexibility from chemical shifts:
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Interactions from chemical shifts:
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Chemical shifts re-referencing:
Shiftcor
UNIO Shiftinspector
LACS
CheckShift
RefDB
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NOEs, other restraints:
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Vasco
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RDCs:
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What-If
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PSVS
MolProbity
SAVES2 or SAVES4
Vadar
Prosa
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Verify_3D
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NMR spectrum prediction:
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V-NMR
Flexibility from structure:
Backbone S2
Methyl S2
B-factor
Molecular dynamics:
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Chemical shifts prediction:
From structure:
Shiftx2
Sparta+
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CH3shift- Methyl
ArShift- Aromatic
ShiftS
Proshift
PPM
CheShift-2- Cα
From sequence:
Shifty
Camcoil
Poulsen_rc_CS
Disordered proteins:
MAXOCC
Format conversion & validation:
CCPN
From NMR-STAR 3.1
Validate NMR-STAR 3.1
NMR sample preparation:
Protein disorder:
DisMeta
Protein solubility:
camLILA
ccSOL
Camfold
camGroEL
Zyggregator
Isotope labeling:
UPLABEL
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Default Solution structure of rat apo-S100B(beta beta) as determined by NMR spectroscopy.

Solution structure of rat apo-S100B(beta beta) as determined by NMR spectroscopy.

Related Articles Solution structure of rat apo-S100B(beta beta) as determined by NMR spectroscopy.

Biochemistry. 1996 Sep 10;35(36):11577-88

Authors: Drohat AC, Amburgey JC, Abildgaard F, Starich MR, Baldisseri D, Weber DJ

S100B(beta beta), a member of the S100 protein family, is a Ca(2+)-binding protein with noncovalent interactions at its dimer interface. Each apo-S100 beta subunit (91 residues) has four alpha-helices and a small antiparallel beta-sheet, consistent with two predicted helix-loop-helix Ca(2+)-binding domains known as EF-hands [Amburgey et al. (1995) J. Biomol. NMR 6, 171-179]. The three-dimensional solution structure of apo-S100B(beta beta) from rat has been determined using 2672 distance (14.7 per residue) and 88 dihedral angle restraints derived from multidimensional nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Apo-S100B (beta beta) is found to be globular and compact with an extensive hydrophobic core and a highly charged surface, consistent with its high solubility. At the symmetric dimer interface, 172 intermolecular nuclear Overhauser effect correlations (NOEs) define the antiparallel alignment of helix I with I' and of helix IV with IV'. The perpendicular association of these pairs of antiparallel helices forms an X-type four-helical bundle at the dimer interface. Whereas, the four helices within each apo-S100 beta subunit adopt a unicornate-type four-helix bundle, with helix I protruding from the parallel bundle of helices II, III, and IV. Accordingly, the orientation of helix III relative to helices I, II, and IV in each subunit differs significantly from that known for other Ca(2+)-binding proteins. Indeed, the interhelical angle (omega) observed in the C-terminal EF-hand of apo-S100 beta is -142 degrees, whereas omega ranges from 118 degrees to 145 degrees in the apo state and from 84 degrees to 128 degrees in the Ca(2+)-bound state for the EF-hands of calbindin D9k, calcyclin, and calmodulin. Thus, a significant conformational change in the C-terminal EF-hand would be required for it to adopt a structure typical of the Ca(2+)-bound state, which could readily explain the dramatic spectral effects observed upon the addition of Ca2+ to apo-S100B(beta beta).

PMID: 8794737 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]



Source: PubMed
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