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Default Redox-dependent conformational changes in eukaryotic cytochromes revealed by paramagnetic NMR spectroscopy

Redox-dependent conformational changes in eukaryotic cytochromes revealed by paramagnetic NMR spectroscopy


Abstract Cytochrome c (Cc) is a soluble electron carrier protein, transferring reducing equivalents between Cc reductase and Cc oxidase in eukaryotes. In this work, we assessed the structural differences between reduced and oxidized Cc in solution by paramagnetic NMR spectroscopy. First, we have obtained nearly-complete backbone NMR resonance assignments for iso-1-yeast Cc and horse Cc in both oxidation states. These were further used to derive pseudocontact shifts (PCSs) arising from the paramagnetic haem group. Then, an extensive dataset comprising over 450 measured PCSs and high-resolution X-ray and solution NMR structures of both proteins were used to define the anisotropic magnetic susceptibility tensor, ╬?¤?. For most nuclei, the PCSs back-calculated from the ╬?¤? tensor are in excellent agreement with the experimental PCS values. However, several contiguous stretchesÔ??clustered around G41, N52, and A81Ô??exhibit large deviations both in yeast and horse Cc. This behaviour is indicative of redox-dependent structural changes, the extent of which is likely conserved in the protein family. We propose that the observed discrepancies arise from the changes in protein dynamics and discuss possible functional implications.

  • Content Type Journal Article
  • Category Article
  • Pages 1-12
  • DOI 10.1007/s10858-012-9607-8
  • Authors
    • Alexander N. Volkov, Jean Jeener NMR Centre, Structural Biology Brussels, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels, Belgium
    • Sophie Vanwetswinkel, Jean Jeener NMR Centre, Structural Biology Brussels, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels, Belgium
    • Karen Van de Water, Jean Jeener NMR Centre, Structural Biology Brussels, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels, Belgium
    • Nico A. J. van Nuland, Jean Jeener NMR Centre, Structural Biology Brussels, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels, Belgium


Source: Journal of Biomolecular NMR
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