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Default The methanol-induced globular and expanded denatured states of cytochrome c: a study

The methanol-induced globular and expanded denatured states of cytochrome c: a study by CD fluorescence, NMR and small-angle X-ray scattering.

Related Articles The methanol-induced globular and expanded denatured states of cytochrome c: a study by CD fluorescence, NMR and small-angle X-ray scattering.

J Mol Biol. 1996 Jun 14;259(3):512-23

Authors: Kamatari YO, Konno T, Kataoka M, Akasaka K

Methanol-induced conformational transitions of cytochrome c(cyt c) at acidic pH values were investigated with a combined use of far and near-UV CD, fluorescence, NMR spectroscopy and small-angle X-ray scattering. At pH 3.0 and 25 degrees C, two methanol-induced non-native states were characterized. First, addition of methanol up to 25% (v/v) induced a compact denatured conformer (I(M)). Further addition of methanol transformed this I(M) state into the expanded and highly helical denatured state (H). The existence of the I(M) state was shown by the discrepancy in transition curves obtained from the ellipticity at 222 nm, the ellipticity at 282 nm, the tryptophan fluorescence monitored at 350 nm and the native peak intensity of the (1)H NMR spectrum. These CD, fluorescence and NMR results showed that the I(M) state has no specific tertiary structure but has a secondary structural content and tryptophan environment similar to those in the native state. The radius of gyration of the I(M) state, 17.7 angstroms, obtained from the Guinier plot of the small-angle X-ray scattering data was significantly smaller than that of the acid-denatured state (30.1 angstroms) and was closer to that of the native state (14.6 angstroms), showing that the I(M) state is compact. The Kratky plot for the I(M) state exhibited a bell-shaped profile, indicating a globular conformation. These structural features indicate that the structure of the I(M) state is quite similar to that of the anion-induced molten globule state of this protein. Furthermore the alcohol-denatured state (H) of cyt C in 60% (v/v) methanol was structurally characterized. Though the H state had a helical content much higher than the native state monitored by far-UV CD spectroscopy, the radius of gyration, 31.7 angstroms, was similar to that of the acid-denatured state, showing that this H state is an expanded denatured state. The Kratky plot for the H state did not show a clear peak, indicating a chain-like conformation. Thus we conclude that the H state has an expanded and chain-like conformation with a high helical content. Finally, we constructed a phase diagram of cyt c involving the native, I(M), acid-denatured and H states against pH and the methanol concentration. The result indicates that the I(M) state is found in the pH range from 2.5 to at least 4.5 with a pH-dependent optimum methanol concentration of 10 to 40%.

PMID: 8676385 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]



Source: PubMed
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