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Default Interaction of the antimicrobial peptides caerin 1.1 and aurein 1.2 with intact bacteria by (2)H solid-state NMR.

Interaction of the antimicrobial peptides caerin 1.1 and aurein 1.2 with intact bacteria by (2)H solid-state NMR.

Related Articles Interaction of the antimicrobial peptides caerin 1.1 and aurein 1.2 with intact bacteria by (2)H solid-state NMR.

Biochim Biophys Acta. 2016 12;1858(12):2959-2964

Authors: Laadhari M, Arnold AA, Gravel AE, Separovic F, Marcotte I

Abstract
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) is commonly used to probe the effect of antimicrobial agents on bacterial membranes using model membrane systems. Ideally, considering the complexity of membranes, the interaction of molecules with membranes should be studied in vivo. The interactions of two antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) with intact Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis were investigated using deuterium solid-state NMR. Specifically, we studied caerin 1.1 and aurein 1.2 isolated from the skin of Australian tree frogs. The minimal inhibitory concentration value for E. coli and B. subtilis was about 100?g/mL and 30?g/mL, respectively, for both peptides. A protocol to deuterate the membrane phospholipids of non-mutated B. subtilis was established using deuterated palmitic acid. (2)H NMR spectra combined with spectral moment analysis support the interaction of the two AMPs with the hydrophobic core of the bacterial membranes. The presence of peptides decreased the order of the lipid acyl chains for both E. coli and B. subtilis, but at higher peptide concentrations for the Gram(+) bacteria. This may be explained by the presence of other cell wall components, such as the negatively-charged teichoic and lipoteichoic acids in the peptidoglycan, which would interact with the AMPs and decrease their actual concentration on the membrane surface. The mechanism of action of the AMPs thus depends on their local concentration as well as the membrane environment. The differences between the AMPs interaction with E. coli and B. subtilis reveal the importance of studying intact bacteria.


PMID: 27639521 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]



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