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Default Are the histidine residues of glutathione S-transferase important in catalysis? An as

Are the histidine residues of glutathione S-transferase important in catalysis? An assessment by 13C NMR spectroscopy and site-specific mutagenesis.

Related Articles Are the histidine residues of glutathione S-transferase important in catalysis? An assessment by 13C NMR spectroscopy and site-specific mutagenesis.

J Biol Chem. 1991 Oct 15;266(29):19475-9

Authors: Zhang PH, Graminski GF, Armstrong RN

To test the proposition that a histidine residue is essential in the catalytic mechanism of glutathione S-transferase, rat liver isoenzyme 3-3 specifically labeled with [ring-2-13C]histidine was prepared. The 13C NMR spectrum of the labeled enzyme revealed four resonances corresponding to the 4 histidine residues in the mu gene class type 3 subunit. Titration of the four resonances in the range of pH 4-9 both in the presence and absence of glutathione gave pK alpha values of much less than 4, 5.2, 7.1, and 7.8 for the four side chains that were identified by site-specific mutagenesis as His14, His83, His84, and His167, respectively. The magnetic resonance properties and titration behavior of His14 suggest that this residue is buried in a hydrophobic environment. Conservative replacement of each histidine with asparagine results in mutant enzymes that have catalytic properties very close to the native protein as assessed with three different substrates, 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene, 4-phenyl-3-buten-2-one, and phenanthrene 9,10-oxide. The results indicate clearly that none of the histidine residues of isoenzyme 3-3 is essential for stabilization of the bound glutathione thiolate or for any other aspect of catalysis.

PMID: 1918058 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]



Source: PubMed
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