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Default 31P NMR spectra of oligodeoxyribonucleotide duplex lac operator-repressor headpiece c

31P NMR spectra of oligodeoxyribonucleotide duplex lac operator-repressor headpiece complexes: importance of phosphate ester backbone flexibility in protein-DNA recognition.

Related Articles 31P NMR spectra of oligodeoxyribonucleotide duplex lac operator-repressor headpiece complexes: importance of phosphate ester backbone flexibility in protein-DNA recognition.

Biochemistry. 1992 Feb 18;31(6):1849-58

Authors: Karslake C, Botuyan MV, Gorenstein DG

The 31P NMR spectra of various 14-base-pair lac operators bound to both wild-type and mutant lac repressor headpiece proteins were analyzed to provide information on the backbone conformation in the complexes. The 31P NMR spectrum of a wild-type symmetrical operator, d(TGTGAGCGCTCACA)2, bound to the N-terminal 56-residue headpiece fragment of a Y7I mutant repressor was nearly identical to the spectrum of the same operator bound to the wild-type repressor headpiece. In contrast, the 31P NMR spectrum of the mutant operator, d(TATAGAGCGCTCATA)2, wild-type headpiece complex was significantly perturbed relative to the wild-type repressor-operator complex. The 31P chemical shifts of the phosphates of a second mutant operator, d(TGTGTGCGCACACA)2, showed small but specific changes upon complexation with either the wild-type or mutant headpiece. The 31P chemical shifts of the phosphates of a third mutant operator, d(TCTGAGCGCTCAGA)2, showed no perturbations upon addition of the wild-type headpiece. The 31P NMR results provide further evidence for predominant recognition of the 5'-strand of the 5'-TGTGA/3'-ACACT binding site in a 2:1 protein to headpiece complex. It is proposed that specific, strong-binding operator-protein complexes retain the inherent phosphate ester conformational flexibility of the operator itself, whereas the phosphate esters are conformationally restricted in the weak-binding operator-protein complexes. This retention of backbone torsional freedom in strong complexes is entropically favorable and provides a new (and speculative) mechanism for protein discrimination of different operator binding sites. It demonstrates the potential importance of phosphate geometry and flexibility on protein recognition and binding.

PMID: 1737038 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]



Source: PubMed
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