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Default Two-dimensional NMR studies of the zinc finger motif: solution structures and dynamic

Two-dimensional NMR studies of the zinc finger motif: solution structures and dynamics of mutant ZFY domains containing aromatic substitutions in the hydrophobic core.

Related Articles Two-dimensional NMR studies of the zinc finger motif: solution structures and dynamics of mutant ZFY domains containing aromatic substitutions in the hydrophobic core.

Biochemistry. 1992 Aug 25;31(33):7463-76

Authors: Qian X, Weiss MA

Solution structures of mutant Zn fingers containing aromatic substitutions in the hydrophobic core are determined by 2D-NMR spectroscopy and distance-geometry/simulated annealing (DG/SA). The wild-type domain (designated ZFY-6) is derived from the human male-associated protein ZFY and represents a sequence motif (Cys-X2-Cys-X-Ar-X7-Leu-X2-His-X4-His) that differs from the consensus (Cys-X2,4-Cys-X3-Phe-X5-Leu-X2-His-X3-His) in the location ("aromatic swap") and diversity (Ar = tyrosine, phenylalanine, or histidine) of the central aromatic residue (underlined). In a given ZFY domain the choice of a particular aromatic residue is invariant among vertebrates, suggesting that alternative "swapped" aromatic residues are functionally inequivalent. 2D-NMR studies of analogues containing tyrosine, phenylalanine, or histidine at the swapped site yield the following results. (i) The three DG/SA structures each retain the beta beta alpha motif and exhibit similar staggered-horizontal packing between the variant aromatic residue and the proximal histidine in the hydrophobic core. (ii) The structures and stabilities of the tyrosine and phenylalanine analogues are essentially identical, differing only by local exposure of polar (Tyr p-OH) or nonpolar (Phe p-H) surfaces. (iii) The dynamic stability of the histidine analogue is reduced as indicated by more rapid protein-deuterium exchange of hydrogen bonds related to secondary structure and amide-sulfur coordination (slowly exchanging amide resonances in D2O) and by more extensive averaging of main-chain dihedral angles (3J alpha NH coupling constants). An aspartic acid in the putative DNA recognition surface, whose configuration is well-defined as a possible helix N-cap in the tyrosine and phenylalanine analogues, exhibits multiple weak main-chain contacts in the NOESY spectrum of the histidine analogue; such NOEs are geometrically inconsistent and so provide complementary evidence for structural fluctuations. (iv) Because the three DG ensembles have similar apparent precision, the finding of reduced dynamic stability in the histidine analogue emphasizes the importance of experiments that directly probe fluctuations at several time scales. Our results provide insight into the design of biological metal-binding sites and the relationship of protein sequence to structure and dynamics.

PMID: 1510933 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]



Source: PubMed
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