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Default In Situ Alkylation of Reconstructed Human Epidermis by Methyl Methanesulfonate: A Quantitative HRMAS NMR Chemical Reactivity Mapping.

In Situ Alkylation of Reconstructed Human Epidermis by Methyl Methanesulfonate: A Quantitative HRMAS NMR Chemical Reactivity Mapping.

Related Articles In Situ Alkylation of Reconstructed Human Epidermis by Methyl Methanesulfonate: A Quantitative HRMAS NMR Chemical Reactivity Mapping.

Chem Res Toxicol. 2020 Nov 16;:

Authors: Srour H, Moussallieh FM, Elbayed K, Giménez-Arnau E, Lepoittevin JP

Abstract
Allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) is a reaction of the immune system resulting from skin sensitization to an exogenous hazardous chemical and leading to the activation of antigen-specific T-lymphocytes. The adverse outcome pathway (AOP) for skin sensitization identified four key events (KEs) associated with the mechanisms of this pathology, the first one being the ability of skin chemical sensitizers to modify epidermal proteins to form antigenic structures that will further trigger the immune system. So far, these interactions have been studied in solution using model nucleophiles such as amino acids or peptides. As a part of our efforts to better understand chemistry taking place during the sensitization process, we have developed a method based on the use of high-resolution magic angle spinning (HRMAS) NMR to monitor in situ the reactions of 13C substituted chemical sensitizers with nucleophilic amino acids of epidermal proteins in reconstructed human epidermis. A quantitative approach, developed so far for liquid NMR applications, has not been developed to our knowledge in a context of a semisolid nonanisotropic environment like the epidermis. We now report a quantitative chemical reactivity mapping of methyl methanesulfonate (MMS), a sensitizing methylating agent, in reconstructed human epidermis by quantitative HRMAS (qHRMAS) NMR. First, the haptenation process appeared to be much faster in RHE than in solution with a maximum concentration of adducts reached between 4 and 8 h. Second, it was observed that the concentration of cysteine adducts did not significantly increase with the dose (2.07 nmol/mg at 0.4 M and 2.14 nmol/mg at 1 M) nor with the incubation time (maximum of 2.27 nmol/mg at 4 h) compared to other nucleophiles, indicating a fast reaction and a potential saturation of targets. Third, when increasing the exposure dose, we observed an increase of adducts up to 12.5 nmol/mg of RHE, excluding cysteine adducts, for 3112 ?g/cm2 (1 M solution) of (13C)MMS. This methodology applied to other skin sensitizers could allow for better understanding of the potential links between the amount of chemical modifications formed in the epidermis in relation to exposure and the sensitization potency.


PMID: 33190492 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]



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