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Default NMR structural studies of the tight complex between a trifluoromethyl ketone inhibito

NMR structural studies of the tight complex between a trifluoromethyl ketone inhibitor and the 85-kDa human phospholipase A2.

Related Articles NMR structural studies of the tight complex between a trifluoromethyl ketone inhibitor and the 85-kDa human phospholipase A2.

Biochemistry. 1993 Nov 30;32(47):12560-5

Authors: Trimble LA, Street IP, Perrier H, Tremblay NM, Weech PK, Bernstein MA

Arachidonyl trifluoromethyl ketone (AACOCF3) is a slow- and tight-binding inhibitor of the human cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) [Street et al. (1993) Biochemistry 32, 5935]. 19F and 13C NMR experiments have been carried out to elucidate the structure of the cPLA2.AACOCF3 complex. One mole of AACOCF3 per mole of enzyme is tightly bound in the active site while excess molar equivalents of the inhibitor associate loosely and nonspecifically with hydrophobic regions of the protein. Incubation of the cPLA2.AACOCF3 complex with a 10-fold molar excess of a structurally related inhibitor allows the slow dissociation of the enzyme-inhibitor complex to be followed with 19F NMR. These results establish that the bound inhibitor is in slow exchange with the free ligand and that inhibition of the cPLA2 by AACOCF3 is not due to irreversible modification of the protein. AACOCF3 labeled with 13C at the carbonyl position was used to determine the nature of the bound inhibitor species. A comparison of the 13C NMR chemical shift value obtained from labeled enzyme-inhibitor complex (delta c 101.0 ppm) with the chemical shift values obtained from model compounds suggests that the enzyme-bound inhibitor species is a charged hemiketal. These results are very similar to those obtained previously with alpha-chymotrypsin and a peptidyl trifluoromethyl ketone inhibitor [Liang, T.-C., & Abeles, R. H. (1987) Biochemistry 26, 7603] and, by analogy with the serine proteases, a structural model for the cPLA2.AACOCF3 complex is proposed.

PMID: 8251473 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]



Source: PubMed
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