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Default NMR hydrogen exchange of the OB-fold protein LysN as a function of denaturant: the mo

NMR hydrogen exchange of the OB-fold protein LysN as a function of denaturant: the most conserved elements of structure are the most stable to unfolding.

Related Articles NMR hydrogen exchange of the OB-fold protein LysN as a function of denaturant: the most conserved elements of structure are the most stable to unfolding.

J Mol Biol. 1999 Jun 18;289(4):1041-54

Authors: Alexandrescu AT, Jaravine VA, Dames SA, Lamour FP

The structure of LysN contains an OB-fold motif composed of a structurally conserved five-stranded beta-barrel capped by a poorly conserved alpha-helix between strands beta3 and beta4. Two additional alpha-helices, unique to the LysN structure, flank the N terminus of the OB-fold. The stability of LysN to unfolding has been investigated with NMR native state hydrogen exchange measurements as a function of guanidinium hydrochloride concentration, and equilibrium unfolding transitions monitored by ellipticity at 222 nm and fluorescence at 350 nm. The spectrophotometric measurements suggest an apparent two-state unfolding transition with DeltaGu(0) approximately 6 kcal/mol and m approximately 3 kcal/(molM). By contrast, NMR hydrogen exchange measurements manifest a distribution of DeltaGu(0) and m values which indicate that the protein can undergo subglobal unfolding. The largest DeltaGu(0) values from hydrogen exchange are for residues in the beta-sheet of the protein. These values, which reflect complete unfolding of the protein, are between 3 and 4 kcal/mol higher than those obtained from circular dichroism or fluorescence. This discrepancy may be due to the comparison of NMR hydrogen exchange parameters measured at residue-level resolution, with spectrophotometric parameters that reflect an unresolved super position of unfolding transitions of the alpha-helices and beta-strands. The largest DeltaGu(0) values obtained from hydrogen exchange for the subset of residues in the alpha-helices of the protein, agree with the DeltaGu(0) values obtained from circular dichroism or fluorescence. Based on the hydrogen exchange data, however, the three alpha-helices of LysN are on average 3 kcal/mol less stable than the beta-sheet. Consistent with the subglobal unfolding of LysN evinced by hydrogen exchange, a deletion mutant that lacks the first alpha-helix of the protein retains a cooperatively folded structure. Taken together with previous results on the OB-fold proteins SN and CspA, the present results for LysN suggest that the most conserved elements of structure in the OB-fold motif are the most resistant to denaturation. In all three proteins, stability to denaturation correlates with sequence hydrophobicity.

PMID: 10369781 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]



Source: PubMed
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