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Default Molecular dynamics-derived conformation and intramolecular interaction analysis of th

Molecular dynamics-derived conformation and intramolecular interaction analysis of the N-acetyl-9-O-acetylneuraminic acid-containing ganglioside GD1a and NMR-based analysis of its binding to a human polyclonal immunoglobulin G fraction with selectivity for O-acetylated sialic acids.

Related Articles Molecular dynamics-derived conformation and intramolecular interaction analysis of the N-acetyl-9-O-acetylneuraminic acid-containing ganglioside GD1a and NMR-based analysis of its binding to a human polyclonal immunoglobulin G fraction with selectivity for O-acetylated sialic acids.

Glycobiology. 1996 Sep;6(6):561-72

Authors: Siebert HC, von der Lieth CW, Dong X, Reuter G, Schauer R, Gabius HJ, Vliegenthart JF

The influence of 9-O-acetylation of GD1a, yielding GD1a (eNeu5,9Ac2) with a 9-O-acetylated sialic acid moiety linked to the outer galactose residue, on the spatial extension and mobility of the carbohydrate chain and on recognition by a natural human antibody is analysed. To study a potential impact of the O-acetyl group on the overall conformation of the carbohydrate chain, molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of oligosaccharide chain fragments of increasing length starting from the non-reducing end have been carried out for the first time in this study. They revealed a considerable loss in chain flexibility after addition of the internal N-acetylneuraminic acid onto the chain. Besides MD calculations with different dielectric constants, the conformational behaviour of the complete oligosaccharide chain of the 9-O-acetylated GD1a ganglioside was simulated in the solvents water and dimethyl sulfoxide. These solvents were also used in NMR measurements. The results of this study indicate that 9-O-acetylation at the terminal sialic acid does not influence the overall conformation of the ganglioside. An extended interaction analysis of energetically minimized conformations of GD1a (eNeu5,9Ac2) and GD1a, obtained during molecular dynamics simulations, allowed assessment of the influence of the different parts of the saccharide chains on spatial flexibility. Noteworthy energetic interactions, most interestingly between the 9-O-acetyl group and the pyranose ring of N-acetylgalactosamine, were ascertained by the calculations. However, the strength of this interaction does not force the ganglioside into a conformation, where the 9-O-acetyl group is no longer accessible. Binding of GD1a (eNeu5,9Ac2) to proteins, which are specific for 9-O-acetylated sialic acids, should thus at least partially be mediated by the presence of this group. To experimentally prove this assumption, a NMR study of 9-O-acetylated GD1a in the presence of an affinity-purified polyclonal IgG fraction from human serum with preferential binding to 9-O-acetylated sialic acid was performed. The almost complete disappearance of the intensity of the 9-O-acetyl methyl signal of the GD1a (eNeu5,9Ac2) clearly indicates that the assumed interaction of the 9-O-acetyl group with the human protein takes place.

PMID: 8922951 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]



Source: PubMed
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