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Default Metal ion binding to dog osteocalcin studied by 1H NMR spectroscopy.

Metal ion binding to dog osteocalcin studied by 1H NMR spectroscopy.

Related Articles Metal ion binding to dog osteocalcin studied by 1H NMR spectroscopy.

Biochemistry. 1993 Oct 26;32(42):11352-62

Authors: Isbell DT, Du S, Schroering AG, Colombo G, Shelling JG

One-dimensional 1H NMR was employed to study the effects of Ca2+ and Lu3+ binding on the apo and calcium-saturated forms of dog bone Gla protein (BGP, osteocalcin). Titration of apo dog BGP with Ca2+ in 20 mM NaCl showed spectral perturbations consistent with the binding of 5 mol equiv of calcium in the NMR slow-exchange limit. The first 2 Ca2+ equiv induced significant conformational changes in the apoprotein, binding cooperatively with a Kd1 approximately 5.0 x 10(-4) M and a Hill coefficient H = 2.3 in 20 mM NaCl. The last 3 equiv bound with a slightly weaker affinity and did not induce significant structural changes. Neither the affinity nor the stoichiometry of calcium binding was significantly altered at 150 mM NaCl. The addition of only 1 Lu3+ equiv to apo dog osteocalcin was sufficient to induce the same spectral perturbations as 2 Ca2+ ions. The addition of 2 Lu3+ equiv to calcium-saturated osteocalcin had little effect on its 1H NMR spectrum, and BGP aggregated at [Lu3+]o/[BGP]o ratios greater than 2 in either the presence or absence of calcium. The spectrum of calcium-saturated osteocalcin was invariant at < or = 55 degrees C (< or = 50 degrees C in 150 mM NaCl), after which the proton resonances shifted to frequencies more characteristic of apo BGP. Saturation with calcium somewhat stabilized the apo dog osteocalcin protein against conformational changes induced at pH extremes; apo BGP was stable at 6.0 < or = pH < or = 10, and calcium-saturated BGP was stable at 5.8 < or = pH < or = 10. Both our NMR and gel filtration data indicate that calcium-saturated osteocalcin exists as a dimer at both high and low protein concentrations. A conformational change in dog osteocalcin was thus induced by the cooperative association of Ca2+ to two high-affinity sites on the protein and stabilized by the association of 3 additional Ca2+ equiv. The results of our temperature and calcium binding studies were consistent with an estimated Kd1 approximately 5.0 x 10(-4) M for the two high-affinity sites. Lutetium induced the same structural changes in osteocalcin as calcium, but the two high-affinity Ca2+ binding sites did not have equal affinities for Lu3+. The BGP:Ca2+ complex was unstable at the low pH conditions induced by osteoclasts during bone resorption, yet the osteocalcin protein retained a BGP:Ca(2+)-like conformation at low pH. However, unlike the calcium-saturated form of the protein, osteocalcin was monomeric at low pH.

PMID: 8218200 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]



Source: PubMed
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