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Default Investigation of a side-chain-side-chain hydrogen bond by mutagenesis, thermodynamics

Investigation of a side-chain-side-chain hydrogen bond by mutagenesis, thermodynamics, and NMR spectroscopy.

Related Articles Investigation of a side-chain-side-chain hydrogen bond by mutagenesis, thermodynamics, and NMR spectroscopy.

Protein Sci. 1995 May;4(5):936-44

Authors: Hammen PK, Scholtz JM, Anderson JW, Waygood EB, Klevit RE

Anomalous NMR behavior of the hydroxyl proton resonance for Ser 31 has been reported for histidine-containing protein (HPr) from two microorganisms: Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. The unusual slow exchange and chemical shift exhibited by the resonance led to the proposal that the hydroxyl group is involved in a strong hydrogen bond. To test this hypothesis and to characterize the importance of such an interaction, a mutant in which Ser 31 is replaced by an alanine was generated in HPr from Escherichia coli. The activity, stability, and structure of the mutant HPr were assessed using a reconstituted assay system, analysis of solvent denaturation curves, and NMR, respectively. Substitution of Ser 31 yields a fully functional protein that is only slightly less stable (delta delta G(folding) = 0.46 +/- 0.15 kcal mol-1) than the wild type. The NMR results confirm the identity of the hydrogen bond acceptor as Asp 69 and reveal that it exists as the gauche- conformer in wild-type HPr in solution but exhibits conformational averaging in the mutant protein. The side chain of Asp 69 interacts with two main-chain amide proteins in addition to its interaction with the side chain of Ser 31 in the wild-type protein. These results indicate that removal of the serine has led to the loss of all three hydrogen bond interactions involving Asp 69, suggesting a cooperative network of interactions. A complete analysis of the thermodynamics was performed in which differences in side-chain hydrophobicity and conformational entropy between the two proteins are accounted for.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

PMID: 7663349 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]



Source: PubMed
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