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Default Investigating interdomain region mutants Phe194----Leu and Phe194----Trp of yeast pho

Investigating interdomain region mutants Phe194----Leu and Phe194----Trp of yeast phosphoglycerate kinase by 1H-NMR spectroscopy.

Related Articles Investigating interdomain region mutants Phe194----Leu and Phe194----Trp of yeast phosphoglycerate kinase by 1H-NMR spectroscopy.

Eur J Biochem. 1992 Apr 1;205(1):93-104

Authors: João HC, Taddei N, Williams RJ

Site-directed mutagenesis has been used to produce two mutant forms of yeast phosphoglycerate kinase in which the interdomain residue Phe194 has been replaced by a leucine or tryptophan residue. Using 1H-NMR spectroscopy, it was found that the mutations at position 194 induce both local and long-range conformational changes in the protein. It was also found that 3-phosphoglycerate binding to the mutant proteins induces somewhat different conformational effects to those observed for wild-type phosphoglycerate kinase. The affinity of mutant Phe194----Trp for 3-phosphoglycerate was found by NMR studies to be unaffected, while the affinity of Phe194----Leu mutant is reduced by about threefold relative to the wild-type enzyme. The binding of ATP at the electrostatic site of the mutant proteins is also seen to be about three times weaker for the Phe194----Leu mutant when compared to wild-type or Phe194----Leu mutant. These results are discussed in the light of the kinetic studies on the mutants which show that for Phe194----Leu mutant the Km values for both 3-phosphoglycerate and ATP, as well as the Vmax, are decreased relative to the wild-type enzyme, while for mutant Phe194----Trp, the Km values for 3-phosphoglycerate and ATP are unaffected and the Vmax is decreased when compared to wild-type enzyme. Kinetic studies in the presence of sulphate reveal that the anion activation is greater for mutant Phe194----Trp and less for mutant Phe194----Leu, relative to that observed for wild-type phosphoglycerate kinase. The NMR data, taken together with the kinetic data, are consistent with the on and off rates of 3-phosphoglycerate being affected by the mutations at position 194. It is suggested that Phe194 is important for the mobility of the interdomain region and the relative movement of the 3-phosphoglycerate binding site which allows the optimum conformation for catalysis to be attained. Apparently Trp194 reduces the mobility of the interdomain region of the protein, while Leu194 increases it.

PMID: 1555608 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]



Source: PubMed
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