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Default The interactions of the HIV gp41 fusion peptides with zwitterionic membrane mimics de

The interactions of the HIV gp41 fusion peptides with zwitterionic membrane mimics determined by NMR spectroscopy.

Related Articles The interactions of the HIV gp41 fusion peptides with zwitterionic membrane mimics determined by NMR spectroscopy.

Biochim Biophys Acta. 2004 Nov 17;1667(1):67-81

Authors: Morris KF, Gao X, Wong TC

The wild-type (wt) N-terminal 23-residue fusion peptide (FP) of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) fusion protein gp41 and its V2E mutant have been studied by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy in dodecylphosphocholine (DPC) micelles as membrane mimics. A number of NMR techniques have been used. Pulsed field-gradient diffusion measurements in DPC and in 4:1 DPC/sodium dodecylsulfate mixed micelles showed that there is no major difference between the partition coefficients of the fusogenic wt peptide and the V2E mutant in these micelles, indicating that there is no correlation between the activity of the fusion peptides and their membrane affinities. The nuclear Overhauser enhancement (NOE) patterns and the chemical shift index for these two peptides indicated that both FP are in an alpha helical conformation between the Ile4 to Leu12 or to Ala15 region. Simulated annealing showed that the helical region extends from Ile4 to Met19. The two FPs share similar conformational characteristics, indicating that the conformation of the FP is not an important factor determining its activity. The spin-label studies, utilizing spin labels 5- and 16-doxystearic acids in the DPC micelles, provided clear indication that the wt FP inserts its N-terminus into the micelles while the V2E mutant does not insert into the micelles. The conclusion from the spin-label results is corroborated by deuterium amide proton exchange experiments. The correlation between the oblique insertion of the FP and its fusogenic activity is in excellent agreement with results from our molecular dynamics simulation and from other previous studies.

PMID: 15533307 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]



Source: PubMed
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