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Default Import, processing, and two-dimensional NMR structure of a linker-deleted signal pept

Import, processing, and two-dimensional NMR structure of a linker-deleted signal peptide of rat liver mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase.

Related Articles Import, processing, and two-dimensional NMR structure of a linker-deleted signal peptide of rat liver mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase.

J Biol Chem. 1993 Sep 15;268(26):19906-14

Authors: Thornton K, Wang Y, Weiner H, Gorenstein DG

Previous NMR studies (Karslake, C., Piotto, M. E., Pak, Y. M., Weiner, H., and Gorenstein, D. G. (1990) Biochemistry 29, 9872-9878) had shown that a 22-amino acid signal peptide of rat liver aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) when bound to a micelle had two amphiphilic alpha-helices, one located at the N terminus and the other at the C terminus. It was shown that deletion of either helix caused the precursor protein not to be imported (Wang, Y., and Weiner, H., (1993) J. Biol. Chem. 268, 4759-4765). The two helices are separated by a Arg-Gly-Pro flexible "linker" region, and to test the role of this linker region in the import and processing of the precursor protein, we deleted it from the ALDH signal peptide and precursor protein. The 19-amino acid signal peptide of ALDH, to which has been added 3 residues at the C terminus and from which has been deleted the 3-residue flexible linker region, has been studied by two-dimensional NMR in a dodecylphosphocholine micelle. In this membrane-like environment the peptide contains a single alpha-helical segment that extends almost the entire length of the peptide. NH exchange experiments show residues on the hydrophobic face of the peptide to exchange much more slowly than those of the hydrophilic face. Combined with the previous study, these results suggest that precursor protein import simply requires a sufficiently long amphiphilic helix (or helices) to bind stably to the membrane. The N and C helices of native ALDH are only about 6-8 residues long; this represents only about two turns of a helix, and either helix on its own does not provide enough stabilization to ensure folding and binding to the membrane. The linker-deleted ALDH peptide contains a single helix of 12-14 residues that is long enough to provide a hydrophobic surface that can stably interact with the hydrophobic interior of the membrane. The function of the C helix in the native signal peptide is therefore to enhance the stability and binding of the N-terminal signal to the membrane. Significantly, unlike native ALDH precursor protein, the linker-deleted signal peptide precursor protein could no longer be processed after import into mitochondria. As explained by modeling of the alpha-helix and the NH exchange rate data, the precursor protein requires that the first several residues of the mature protein be part of the hydrophobic membrane associated face of the helix.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

PMID: 8366128 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]



Source: PubMed
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