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Default Heteronuclear 2D NMR studies of an engineered insulin monomer: assignment and charact

Heteronuclear 2D NMR studies of an engineered insulin monomer: assignment and characterization of the receptor-binding surface by selective 2H and 13C labeling with application to protein design.

Related Articles Heteronuclear 2D NMR studies of an engineered insulin monomer: assignment and characterization of the receptor-binding surface by selective 2H and 13C labeling with application to protein design.

Biochemistry. 1991 Jul 30;30(30):7373-89

Authors: Weiss MA, Hua QX, Lynch CS, Frank BH, Shoelson SE

Insulin provides an important model for the application of genetic engineering to rational protein design and has been well characterized in the crystal state. However, self-association of insulin in solution has precluded complementary 2D NMR study under physiological conditions. We demonstrate here that such limitations may be circumvented by the use of a monomeric analogue that contains three amino acid substitutions on the protein surface (HisB10----Asp, ProB28----Lys, and LysB29----Pro); this analogue (designated DKP-insulin) retains native receptor-binding potency. Comparative 1H NMR studies of native human insulin and a series of three related analogues--(i) the singly substituted analogue [HisB10----Asp], (ii) the doubly substituted analogue [ProB28----Lys; LysB29----Pro], and (iii) DKP-insulin--demonstrate progressive reduction in concentration-dependent line-broadening in accord with the results of analytical ultracentrifugation. Extensive nonlocal interactions are observed in the NOESY spectrum of DKP-insulin, indicating that this analogue adopts a compact and stably folded structure as a monomer in overall accord with crystal models. Site-specific 2H and 13C isotopic labels are introduced by semisynthesis as probes for the structure and dynamics of the receptor-binding surface. These studies confirm and extend under physiological conditions the results of a previous 2D NMR analysis of native insulin in 20% acetic acid [Hua, Q. X., & Weiss, M. A. (1991) Biochemistry 30, 5505-5515]. Implications for the role of protein flexibility in receptor recognition are discussed with application to the design of novel insulin analogues.

PMID: 1906742 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]



Source: PubMed
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