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Default Heparin Modulates the Mitogenic Activity of Fibroblast Growth Factor by Inducing Dimerization of its Receptor. A 3D View by Using NMR.

Heparin Modulates the Mitogenic Activity of Fibroblast Growth Factor by Inducing Dimerization of its Receptor. A 3D View by Using NMR.

Heparin Modulates the Mitogenic Activity of Fibroblast Growth Factor by Inducing Dimerization of its Receptor. A 3D View by Using NMR.

Chembiochem. 2013 Aug 12;

Authors: Nieto L, Canales A, Fernández IS, Santillana E, González-Corrochano R, Redondo-Horcajo M, Cañada FJ, Nieto P, Martín-Lomas M, Giménez-Gallego G, Jiménez-Barbero J

Abstract
In vitro mitogenesis assays have shown that sulfated glycosaminoglycans (GAGs; heparin and heparan sulfate) cause an enhancement of the mitogenic activity of fibroblast growth factors (FGFs). Herein, we report that the simultaneous presence of FGF and the GAG is not an essential requisite for this event to take place. Indeed, preincubation with heparin (just before FGF addition) of cells lacking heparan sulfate produced an enhancing effect equivalent to that observed when the GAG and the protein are simultaneously added. A first structural characterization of this effect by analytical ultracentrifugation of a soluble preparation of the heparin-binding domain of fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2) and a low molecular weight (3 kDa) heparin showed that the GAG induces dimerization of FGFR2. To derive a high resolution structural picture of this molecular recognition process, the interactions of a soluble heparin-binding domain of FGFR2 with two different homogeneous, synthetic, and mitogenically active sulfated GAGs were analyzed by NMR spectroscopy. These studies, assisted by docking protocols and molecular dynamics simulations, have demonstrated that the interactions of these GAGs with the soluble heparin-binding domain of FGFR induces formation of an FGFR dimer; its architecture is equivalent to that in one of the two distinct crystallographic structures of FGFR in complex with both heparin and FGF1. This preformation of the FGFR dimer (with similar topology to that of the signaling complex) should favor incorporation of the FGF component to form the final assemblage of the signaling complex, without major entropy penalty. This cascade of events is probably at the heart of the observed activating effect of heparin in FGF-driven mitogenesis.


PMID: 23940086 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]



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