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Default Decreased imino proton exchange and base-pair opening in the IHF-DNA complex measured

Decreased imino proton exchange and base-pair opening in the IHF-DNA complex measured by NMR.

Related Articles Decreased imino proton exchange and base-pair opening in the IHF-DNA complex measured by NMR.

J Mol Biol. 1999 May 14;288(4):659-71

Authors: Dhavan GM, Lapham J, Yang S, Crothers DM

Integration Host Factor, IHF, is an E. coli DNA binding protein that imposes a substantial bend on DNA. Previous footprinting studies and bending assays have characterized several recognition sequences in the bacterial and lambda phage genome as unique in the way they are bound by IHF. We have chosen one of the lambda phage sites, H1, for study because it presents a small yet sequence-specific substrate for NMR analysis of the complex. A 19 base-pair duplex, H19, corresponding to the recognition sequence at the H1 site was constructed by isotopically labeling one of the strands with 15N. (1H, 15N) heteronuclear NMR experiments aided in assigning the imino proton resonances of the DNA alone and in complex with IHF. The NMR results are consistent with a mode of binding observed in the recent crystal structure of IHF bound to another of its sites from the lambda phage genome. Additionally, the dramatic change that IHF imposes on the imino proton chemical shifts is indicative of a severe deviation from canonical B-DNA structure. In order to understand the dynamic properties of the DNA in the complex with IHF, the exchange rates of the imino protons with the solvent have been measured for H19 with and without IHF bound. A drastic reduction in exchange is observed for the imino protons in the IHF bound DNA. In the DNA-protein complex, groups of adjacent base-pair exchange at the same rate, and appear to close more slowly than the rate of imino proton exchange with bulk water, since their exchange rate is independent of catalyst concentration. We infer that segments of the double helix as large as 6 bp open in a cooperative process, and remain open much longer than is typical for opening fluctuations in naked duplex DNA. We discuss these results in terms of the specific protein-DNA contacts observed in the crystal structure.

PMID: 10329171 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]



Source: PubMed
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