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Default 1H NMR metabolomic signatures in five brain regions of the A?PPswe Tg2576 mouse model of Alzheimer's disease at four ages.

1H NMR metabolomic signatures in five brain regions of the A?PPswe Tg2576 mouse model of Alzheimer's disease at four ages.

Related Articles 1H NMR metabolomic signatures in five brain regions of the A?PPswe Tg2576 mouse model of Alzheimer's disease at four ages.

J Alzheimers Dis. 2014;39(1):121-43

Authors: Lalande J, Halley H, Balayssac S, Gilard V, Déjean S, Martino R, Francés B, Lassalle JM, Malet-Martino M

Abstract
In the quest for biomarkers of onset and progression of Alzheimer's disease, a 1H NMR-based metabolomic study was performed on the simple single-transgenic Tg2576 mouse model. These mice develop a slow cognitive decline starting by 6 months and express amyloid plaques from 10 months of age. The metabolic profiles of extracts from five brain regions (frontal cortex, rhinal cortex, hippocampus, midbrain, and cerebellum) of Tg2576 male mice were compared to those of controls, at 1, 3, 6 and 11 months of age. The most obvious differences were due to brain regions. Age was also a discriminating parameter. Metabolic perturbations were already detected in the hippocampus and the rhinal cortex of transgenic mice as early as 1 month of age with decreased concentrations of glutamate (Glu) and N-acetylaspartate (NAA) compared to those in wild-type animals. Metabolic changes were more numerous in the hippocampus and the rhinal cortex of 3 month-old transgenic mice and involved Glu, NAA, myo-inositol, creatine, phosphocholine, and ?-aminobutyric acid (only in the hippocampus) whose concentrations decreased. A metabolic disruption characterized by an increase in the hippocampal concentrations of Glu, creatine, and taurine was detected in 6 month-old transgenic mice. At this time point, the chemical profile of the cerebellum was slightly affected. At 11 months, all the brain regions analyzed (except the frontal cortex) were metabolically altered, with mainly a marked increase in the formation of the neuroprotective metabolites creatine and taurine. Our findings demonstrate that metabolic modifications occur long before the onset of behavioral impairment.


PMID: 24145382 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]



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