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Default Impact of epidermal fatty acid binding protein on 2D-NMR-assessed atherogenic dyslipidemia and related disorders.

Impact of epidermal fatty acid binding protein on 2D-NMR-assessed atherogenic dyslipidemia and related disorders.

Impact of epidermal fatty acid binding protein on 2D-NMR-assessed atherogenic dyslipidemia and related disorders.

J Clin Lipidol. 2016 Mar-Apr;10(2):330-338.e2

Authors: Ibarretxe D, Girona J, Amigó N, Plana N, Ferré R, Guaita S, Mallol R, Heras M, Masana L


Abstract
BACKGROUND: The role of circulating FABP5 on metabolic alterations is under active evaluation. On the other hand, FABP5 SNPs (rs454550 and rs79370435) seem to modulate its effect.
OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to examine the role of circulating FABP5 levels and its main SNPs in atherogenic dyslipidemia (AD) assessed by 2D-Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) and related metabolic and inflammation markers. We hypothesized that circulating FABP5 may be a biomarker for metabolic risk.
METHODS: We studied 459 subjects admitted to the metabolism unit because of lipid metabolism disturbances and/or associated disorders. After a 6-week lipid-lowering drug wash-out period, anamnesis and physical examination were performed. Carotid intime-media thickness (cIMT) was measured by ultrasound. FABP5, FABP4, lipids, metabolic proteins, and enzymes were determined by biochemical methods. The lipid profile was assessed by NMR. The rs454550 and rs79370435 FABP5 gene variants were also determined.
RESULTS: The FABP5 plasma levels were positively correlated with adiposity, glucose metabolism, and lipolysis parameters and were associated with AD, as assessed by NMR. There was a significant positive correlation between hsCRP and FABP5. The presence of type 2 diabetes, obesity, metabolic syndrome, or AD was associated with higher FABP5 plasma levels (P*
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